marine fuel testing is displayed against a light coloured background.

Marine Fuel Testing: How to Test Marine Fuel

It’s important to have an accurate fuel testing system in place in order to avoid marine fuel contamination. You will know the condition of your fuel, and you’ll be able to take preventative measures to ensure that your engine will last.

This guide provides important information about marine fuel testing and how you can ensure your engine is running on cleaner fuel.

Importance of Marine Fuel Oil Testing

Regular testing is important since its an assurance that the fuel oil you are using in your banker is fit for the purpose. There are a variety of challenges that can affect your fuel, both from modern low Sulphur fuels to traditional heavy fuel oil.

If the fuel is not checked, it can result in major problems with your fuel system and engine. For a few dollars, you can reduce the operational risks significantly while using these fuels.

Can Your On-Spec Fuel Be Having Problems?

Marine fuel is often delivered to the specifications of the client. However, not all challenges with fuels are taken care of within the specifications.

For instance, the marine fuel report compiled by DNV in 2015 shows an increase biocomponent when it comes to marine diesel fuels. For this reason, there is an increase in microbial contamination.

Moreover, the DNV 2015 reports also reveals that the biocomponent increases annually and today, approximately 11% of the marine diesel fuel contains this.

Also, mixing existing fuels with new fuels results to instability of the fuels in the tank.

To highlight such issues, MARPOL testing is one of the best ways. However, not many people are carrying out this testing. Approximately 20-25% of people do this testing.

Sometimes, when carrying out MARPOL testing, it can take roughly six days to get back these results. By then, you might be sailing for like a week.

What Can Go Wrong With Fuel?

Various established issues are known to affect the fuel banker. The issues with diesel and heavy fuels are very different.

With heavy fuels, most problems are experienced with stability and the ominous catalytic fines that tend to wear down the engines despite the fuels being within specifications.

For marine diesel fuels, there are more problems experienced with biofouling that results to a high risk of microbial contamination. There are also challenges with long term storage as well as lubricity.

Also, water tends to be a major obstacle with both heavy fuels and marine diesel fuels. The good thing is that most of these problems are avoidable. You can detect them and treat them before they bring about any kind of harm to your engine or fuel system.

Bunker Fuel Testing and Inspection Services

The basic ISO 8217 slate can be included in the fuel quality analysis. It can also be extended to incorporate additional tests such as blending assessments and fuel compatibility.

It is necessary to conduct fuel testing as it will help you avoid expensive fuel system and engine problems resulting from mixing incompatible fuels.

When you blend together incompatible fuels, they can lead to filter plugging, precipitates and other major problems.

Quantity and quality testing services will enable you to comply with several of the regulations such as; Marpol Annex VI, ISO 8217 as well as bunker delivery requirements.

Services Offered by ISO 8217 Bunker Fuel Testing and Inspection

  • Fuel compatibility assessments
  • Sludge disposal survey
  • Inspection and testing
  • On board quantity survey
  • Fuel additive treatments
  • Sampling documentation photographs as permitted or requested
  • Annex VI, among other specifications

Capabilities of ISO 8217 Bunker Fuel Testing

  • Cloud point
  • Flash point
  • Density
  • Water content
  • Ash content
  • Acidity
  • Lubricity
  • Viscosity
  • Pour point
  • Sulfur content
  • Total sediments
  • Oxidation stability
  • Carbon residue
  • Calcium
  • Nickel
  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Fatty acid methyl ester content
  • Biodiesel fuel blend stock
  • In-depth forensic analysis

Benefits of Bunker Fuel Testing

  • Identifies smoking problems
  • Identifies poor injector performance
  • Monitor emissions
  • Monitors the cause of high fuel consumption
  • Identifies fuel failures and issues

Bunker Fuel Testing Progress

  • Technical advise regarding the reports
  • Laboratory testing of sample
  • Transporting the samples to the laboratories
  • Collecting representative fuel samples
  • Supplying bunker fuel sampling kits
centralized vs decentralized clinical trials is displayed against a pink background.

Centralized vs. Decentralized Clinical Trials

Centralized vs decentralized clinical trials; what’s the difference? Clinical trials allow researchers to collect data and analyse the results, which can provide invaluable insight into how well treatments work. Clinical trials are generally divided into two different types: centralized and decentralized. 

Centralized trials are widely used in clinical research. However decentralized clinical trials are becoming more common as they are more flexible and allow researchers to collect patient data remotely, as explained by ObvioHealth (

This post will discuss the pros and cons of centralized vs decentralized clinical trials, and it will help you decide which type of clinical trial is best for your research.

The History of Clinical Trials

You might be surprised to know that we’ve been conducting clinical trials (in their most basic form) since 500 BCE. 

There is a biblical reference to a trial run by King Nebuchadnezzar, who wanted to see which diet was better: a meat-and-wine diet or a vegetable-based diet. The trial ran for ten days, after which point the test subjects who ate a vegetable-based diet were deemed healthier than the other group.  

Fast forward to 1747: Dr. James Lind conducted what many consider to be the first controlled clinical trial. He wanted to see what could be done to reduce the appalling rate of scurvy amongst sailors, and his study led him to rightfully conclude that eating lemons and oranges had the greatest healing benefit.

By the early 1800s, the placebo effect had emerged.

By 1943, we had our first double-blind controlled trial with the first randomized curative trial arriving about three years later.

What Is a Centralized Clinical Trial? 

A centralized clinical trial has one location with a single administration and a smaller scope of patient recruitment. 

Up until relatively recently, all clinical trials were considered centralized. But with the increasing efficiency of telemedicine and digital technology, the decentralized clinical trial is increasingly being adopted and is considered the way of the future, even in a post-pandemic world. 

What Are the Challenges of Centralized Clinical Trials?

The main challenge with trial centralization is patient recruitment. Depending on where the trial is being held, the pool of possible patients or test subjects is inherently limited. Patients may lose interest in participating in this type of trial if they have to travel far to get to the site.

Another challenge is funding. Sponsors can lose millions of dollars if a clinical trial is taking too long to complete—which leads us back to the first issue of recruitment. Some centralized clinical trials have even stopped altogether because sponsors have dropped out. 

What Is a Decentralized Clinical Trial?

A decentralized clinical trial involves a range of practices and solutions that utilize online technologies to carry out a wide range of studies. The term has been hard to define because not everyone agrees on the definition, and it is often used interchangeably with the words mobile, remote, and virtual. 

The biggest difference between centralized vs decentralized clinical trials is patient accessibility and ease-of-access. Decentralized clinical trials (or DCTs) encourage patient participation from various locations outside the test site. 

Since the start of the COVID-19, DCTs have proven their efficacy and efficiency, showing that the benefits far outweigh whatever challenges healthcare providers may face to undertake a remote clinical trial.

The Process of a Decentralized Clinical Trial 

While the trials themselves will be invariably different, DCTs are all conducted using a very similar process:

  1. Patients are recruited from various locations and are then screened virtually.
  2. Patients are given access to an app or other digital tool where they can record data from anywhere.
  3. Patients are sent notifications and helpful information to keep them engaged.
  4. Patients visit the trial site on some occasions for in-person clinical care.

Advantages Of Decentralized Clinical Trials

The biggest advantage of DCTs is that it’s patient-focused, and provides better representation for people living in remote areas or who come from marginalized communities. DCTs encourage a wider range of patient participation, which gives us a better scope of research and leads to improved healthcare for everyone, no matter their age, gender, ethnicity, or income level.

Decentralization of clinical trials also allows clinicians to communicate with and check in on their patients on a more regular basis. This does require patient participation, though patients may be more likely to submit their data when they can easily use the technology and don’t have to travel to do so. 

A huge benefit of adopting the DCT method is the potential for sponsorship. Because DCTs enable a broader scope of subject participation, researchers can conduct their trials on time and with better data, thus demonstrating the value of their research.

Decentralized Clinical Trials Challenges And Obstacles

DCTs do come with their own set of challenges, and many of these are caused by how complex the process is and how many stakeholders are involved. The DCT is still in its budding stage, so at this time, standards for conducting and participating in DCTs are not regulated. 

Another huge challenge of DCTs is ensuring that all the moving parts are working in harmony. Whereas centralized clinical trials don’t necessarily rely on patient-facing data-collection technology, this is central to the success of a DCT. 

As a patient-centred approach, it’s important for stakeholders to develop a deep understanding of their patients to find out if decentralization is better for them. For example, some patients prefer on-site check-ups and not every test subject will be sufficiently well versed in technology to make app-based data collection a user-friendly experience.

The Bottom Line with Centralized vs Decentralized Clinical Trials

While DCTs are still in the early stages, the critical role decentralization has played during the pandemic has shown improvements in data collection and patient experience. While we will likely always need centralized clinical trials in some capacity, the efficiency, scope, and patient-centred approach to decentralized clinical trials makes it the most economical and sensible solution for clinicians and researchers. 

Image shows a property management service icon. There is a miniature house next to a set of house keys.

How to Choose The Right Property Management Service for your Business

Delegate the Hassle. It is no secret that running your own business can be a time-consuming and challenging endeavour. If you have multiple properties to maintain, you’re constantly juggling the tasks of tenant and renter maintenance and upkeep, and business management.
Fortunately, the right property management service can help you keep your properties in tip-top shape. You can get the most out of your property investment by hiring a property management service to help you manage and maintain your properties.
In this post, we’ll cover the benefits of hiring a property management service and how to choose the best one for your needs.

What Does a Property Management Service do?

Property Management services are mandated to increase property owners’ income through short-term rental solutions doubly while cutting back on their workload. The workload referred to here includes but is not limited to online listing and advertising, professional housekeeping, guided check-in and check-out, pricing management, and guest communication.
Some of the platforms used for booking of listings are:
  • Trip advisor
  • Guestready
  • HomeAway
  • Homelike
  • The Plum Guide
The London Management Company allow a property owner to use their platform even if you are not listed in Airbnb.
It is important to note that not all platforms will be a good fit for your property, depending on the target audience, property’s location, price, and unique features.

Advantages of Property Management Services:

There are many advantages of using a property management service:

  • Payment and Pricing
  • Convenient Property Management Service Cost
  • Revenue Tracking
  • Property Safety
  • Listing and Price Optimization
  • Convenient and amicable contract termination.

Payment and Pricing


Property management services have comprehensive pricing strategies that reflect a myriad of factors such as the location of the property, competition pricing, city-wide occupancy rates, travel trends, and more.

Convenient Service Cost


The cost of most property management services is normally commission based i.e. a commission for every guest’s stay. Aspects of managing the property covered include management and ranking optimization, calendar management, listing creating, and 24/7 Guest communication.
It is important to note that commission and pricing vary from market to market, and new properties are subject to an onboarding fee.
The on-boarding fee is charged one time, depending on the property size, location, and availability. The fee is not charged upfront though, it is deducted from the first month’s income made in the property management service.

Revenue Tracking


You can’t afford to sleep on your interests. Property management services adopt a personalized Host dashboard where bookings, calendars, and revenue can be found. This dashboard is updated regularly in real-time with a comprehensive overview of your property and its income.
Payments are promptly processed by the last working day of the calendar month. Seasoned property management agents ensure that revenues are maximized throughout the year.

Property Safety and accessibility

Property management services take the worry away through guest vetting against bookings made. Canceled reservations are acceptable to keep your property safe.
Property management services have taken up insurance by a partner service provider. In the unlikely event that guests damage or steals from the property, the property owner is covered, with no loss to the property owner.
Property management services have dashboards that allow property owners to block and unblock dates at their discretion. The property will be clean and ready at the owner’s check-in. however, a cleaning fee may be imposed.

Convenient and Amicable Contract Termination

Property management services require specific documents to list your property depending on the market. It is however expected that the property is fully compliant with all local health and safety regulations.
This includes any regulations from the government. It is diligent to contact gas and electricity suppliers for an up-to-date safety inspection and ensure fire and carbon monoxide alarms are operational.

Some of the Property management services available are:

  • Investment Property
  • Savills Property Management
  • Knight frank Property Management
  • Marsh and Parsons Property Management
  • Happy Tenant Property Management
  • Devon property Management services
  • Haart property management Services.

Latest Tech Food Temperature Probes

A temperature probe is classified as a temperature sensor. Temperature is the most measured quantity in almost every process. There are several comprehensive choices for the perfect technology for measuring temperature.

Even though it is necessary to have the right measuring instrument, every measurement requires a perfect temperature probe.

Temperature probes come in different types and have a wide application in many industries. Some temperature probes work when placed onto the surface to be measured, while other temperature sensors need to be immersed or inserted in a liquid to measure the temperature.

Some probe thermometers can measure voltage and resistance change and convert it to an easily readable format.

Temperature Probes

Types of Temperature Probes in the Market

RTD (Resistance Temperature Detector)

These probes like those found at Process Parameters website, use RTD tech, which can be fitted into different housing.

This type of temperature probe is reliable and offers services for a long time regardless of the use. They are expensive compared to other types of temperature sensors, but they measure a wide temperature range.

Different RTDs come with diverse temperature measurement ranges. RTD sensors are either nickel or platinum and have different resistance ranges. The standard RTD sensor is PT100.

The customer’s specifications will determine the type of RTD to be used. These probes are good in measuring greater temperatures and in a more specific application.

NTC (Negative Temperature Coefficient)

This type takes advantage of thermistors. They are generally cheap. NTCs measure a smaller temperature range but are highly sensitive and have a quick response to temperature change.

These probes are the best option for measuring mid-range temperatures. They can efficiently measure temperatures ranging from -40⁰ C to 125⁰C and up to +250⁰C for glass encapsulated range.


This type of probe is cheaper than RDT. Thermocouple temperature probes work under a wide range of temperatures. However, thermocouples are not stable when used for a long time hence need replacement.

They can be manufactured with a housing (bespoke probe) depending on the customer’s application. Thermocouples can measure temperatures that exceed +2000⁰ C.

Application of Temperature Probes

Temperature probes are primarily used in industries. Below are some of the popular sectors where temperature probes can be used.

  • Food
  • Medical
  • Motorsport
  • Communication

Temperature probes are used in common everyday activities and industry-based activities. Some of the best and standard applications of probes include:

  • HVAC
  • Computer
  • Transit
  • Patient monitoring
  • Home appliances
  • Industrial application
  • Energy
  • Laboratory
  • Drilling
  • Instrumentation and calibration
  • Power utilities

Reasons for Using External Temperature Probes

The use of an external temperature probe allows greater accuracy and control of temperature. You can easily control and monitor the sample temperature when you dip or insert a temperature probe in the sample.

However, if the temperature probe is not in play, the heat in the plate will set a different instrument temperature. This doesn’t seem right since plate heat is not uniformly distributed; hence you will not know when the set temperature is reached.

Therefore, it is essential to use an external temperature probe. When using temperature sensors on hotplates, you need a stirring function. This will avoid the rising of the hotspot in the heated sample.

The primary function of stirring is to maintain uniform temperature across the sample.

Tips for Using a Temperature Probe

A probe thermometer can be used to check the food temperature when you re-heat, cook or cool. There are various probe thermometers: some are safe when used in ovens, while others are dangerous to use in ovens.

You should begin by reading the manufacturer’s guide on how to use it and how it should respond. Unless the manufacture says the probe is safe in the oven, you should never leave the temperature probe in the oven.

After using the probe, you need to clean and sanitise using a sanitising solution or alcohol.

How Do I Measure Food Temperature?

• The probe stem is inserted inside the food when measuring its temperature. If it is liquid food, you should start by stirring to ensure the temperature is evenly distributed for accurate temperature measurement.
• When measuring, you need to wait for some seconds for the temperature to be steady before recording the findings.
• You should not allow the temperature probe to touch the sides or bottom of the vessel carrying the food. When the probe touches the container, the temperature measured is not the food’s temperature and is not accurate.

Can I Leave The Meat Temperature Probe While Cooking?

To ensure you have perfectly cooked meat, check its temperature while cooking. Using a meat thermometer, you can get the proper cooking temperature of meat; hence you will know when it is ready to eat.

The meat probe will register temperature variation in around 20 seconds. Some types of meat probe thermometers are not safe to leave while the food is cooking. Leaving a meat thermometer while cooking can damage both the meal and the probe.

When Should I Insert A Meat Temperature Probe?

It is essential to keep track of the cooking process. Therefore, inserting of meat thermometer should be at the end of cooking. If you are following a particular recipe, you need to start checking the temperature at least 10 minutes before the end of the session.

How to choose the best ELN

As it is commonly known, ELN is a digital book inform of a computer program used by engineers, technicians, and scientists to document research and lab procedures[1]. They are mostly used for jotting down procedures, observations, and conclusions in a digital way instead of rudimentary paper writing.

Researchers have found ways to incorporate computer printouts and instrumentation onto their notebooks’ pages in the current ever dynamic world of science, which has brought about very significant benefits.

How to choose the best ELN

Electronic Lab Notebooks

Define your needs

There are many types of ELNs in the market, and finding out what you need can be crucial. Before making your choice, you first need to know the prospects of your needs to make the best decision. Knowing the specific functionality and features, you need, you can narrow down your choices to more specific needs.

Make sure your finances are in order

Depending on your lab or team’s size, you will need to consider which ELN will best suit your wallet. There are free trial ELNs in the market, mostly for educational needs and usually have some restrictions, such as access to only one user. There are also costly ones used for large teams and many institutional labs, which come with several advantages, such as ample cloud storage.

Get education on possible options

Before heading out to purchase your ELN, first research the customer support, cost, and data storage of various vendors. ELNs have been around for many years, and getting enough data for comparison purposes should not be hard.

You need to get adequate information on the different features such as workflow adaptability, security and storage. You can then look at your list and narrow it down to a chosen few you think would meet your needs.

Benefits of Electronic Lab Notebooks

They offer the best work organisation

This program comes with many tools to keep your lab work organised and functional compared to books and charts. When you need data from an earlier date, you can trace it from the ELN cloud storage by searching for it rather than going through hundreds of hard copy notes.

They offer wide flexibility

There are many programs available to choose from in the ELN database. They allow you to add images, videos, links, text, equations, and charts onto any page of your Notebook. This also lets you directly link scientific devices to your ELN, such as a direct link to an infrared spectrometer to get live results printed directly to your Notebook.

Better storage and accessibility

By offering big cloud storage, Notebook users can synchronise their devices and access them from virtually anywhere in the world without having to carry books around. You can always access your data easily by connecting your devices to a network. However, you can opt to locally save your work on a removable storage device or your computer’s hard drive.

High data security

While your lab notes can be accidentally lost or stolen from you, using ELNs will save your data in the cloud and encrypt it with your password, making data theft highly unlikely compared to hardcopy notes.

Easy sharing

In a group discussion and collaboration, paper notes are almost impossible to share because it would demand everyone to have their own notes. With ELNs, many sharing platforms allow other people to edit the same document. Document distribution is always possible with Dropbox or by converting it to PDF that can be emailed or printed.

Limitations of using ELNs

Difficult conversion process

It would be tough to switch to digital note keeping after using hard-copy notes all your career life. Many users will find it time-consuming to adapt to this new trend and ultimately harm their productivity. Drawing graphs and analysing data can be excruciating without proper training on how to use the program. This might force institutions to spend extra money on the training of their staff.

Prone to accidental damages

Bringing as bulky as a laptop to the lab may be hazardous as it becomes more susceptible to accidental damages in case of a spill. Additionally, taking home the device could cause the transfer of harmful agents from the lab to the technician’s home, which could be hard to detect and contain.

They are expensive

Purchasing these programs can be a costly feat because they come with a monthly or annual renewal fee, and if you are broke, you might fail to get access to your precious data in time. Although some ELNs are free, they have limited features which are only helpful to high school students. In the case of big institutions, they may spend thousands of dollars on securing a good ELN for its personnel.[2]

Final thoughts

As a researcher or scientist, a well-organized notebook makes it possible for you to recreate experiments and share the knowledge with fellow workmates. This is the best reason as to why you should get yourself an ELN to help you store your notes for long and without the need for bulky hand notes.




The Single Most Important Thing You Need to Know About IT Support

In the present world, many businesses have a department that substantially relies on IT (information technology). Irrespective of the products and services you sell, there are high chances you have a marketing or sales team that reaches out to clients via the internet.

Here is where IT support for business comes in handy. Read on to find the single most important thing you need to know about IT support.

What is IT Support?

Also known as technical support, IT support is a service that offers help to companies or individuals with issues associated with computer systems or software. A business can either hire an in-house IT support or outsource the IT support services from the best and reliable IT companies for example

Since nothing is perfect and technology is prone to downtimes, something within an organisation will certainly fail. Does your company have the skills to perform major network repairs should it fail?

Well, even if you have the infrastructure, you may be too busy with the business tasks. In this case, outsourcing IT support needs to be your priority.

IT Support

Top Reasons Why Companies Require IT Support

We are no longer in the era where you IT technicians were only available in the big organisations. Regardless of your company type and size, there are countless benefits of having IT help.

With technology support, your business will not only be competitive, but you will also streamline your goals and save some cash over time.

And that’s not all the benefits you enjoy. Here are the major reasons why professional technology support is vital to your business.

Save Money and Increase Return in Investment

Having an IT department in your company is an investment that ensures saving organisation expenses over time and giving you a high ROI.

With proficient tech support in place, you don’t have to worry about the frequent repairs and unclear software investments.

Investing in IT support means your company is opting for financial security in a field that’s increasingly becoming expensive due to the security threat.

Increase the Overall Security

Data is vital for all businesses. Due to this, it is essential to secure it with a cybersecurity system and a dependable backup system.

IT technicians assure the above run seamlessly. With IT help, your company guarantees the confidentiality of the customer, employees and company data, and ensures the data is safe against potential cyber-attacks.

Give Clients the Much-needed Services

Your customers deserve top-notch services. Nothing destroys a good customer relationship more than outdated and bogus technology.

Here is where having proficient IT support solutions come in handy as it makes sure the clients are getting the demanded and anticipated services. It may entail seamless system use, ideal internet connection and perfectly managed phone lines.

Use Modern Technologies that Takes the Company to the Next Level

Although your company may be well informed when it comes to the latest technologies, the IT support team can maximise your organisation perspective by bringing cutting-edge technologies.

You can expand or advance your company goals by embracing the new technology. What’s more, new technology allows you to be competitive in the market.

Optimise Company Productivity

All businesses always think about ways of improving their productivity. Embracing technology certainly enhances your company’s productivity.

Unfortunately, technology may also decrease a company’s effectiveness due to frequent bugs, problems and confusions. IT support makes sure that the typical effectiveness that originates from technology is optimised.

Get Specialised and Customised Service

Each business has different technology requirements. With a superb IT support platform, your company is assured of getting custom service based on its business needs and how it operates.

The tech support team will offer diverse options and expertise. The support team only comprises of highly skilled and quailed members.

Typical Services Offered by IT Support Team

If you have a software or system installed in your hardware devices, it’s virtually impossible to run without running into an issue. You may have a network failure, software breakdown or general problems with the IT infrastructure.

Below are the services offered by a proficient tech support team:

24/7 IT Support

Reliable IT help team needs to offer round-the-clock support. It should be easy to contact the team and ask all IT questions you might be having.

The team can offer support via the phone, in person or through a service portal. When it comes to IT help, here are some of the things the support department should guarantee:

  • On-site and technical remote support
  • 24/7 remote monitoring of the customer’s technological infrastructure
  • Reliable and easy to use service desk

Security Management

IT support needs to offer security to the entire organisation. Here is where the team offers custom IT security based on your demands, by giving you extra services such as:

  • Performing backups
  • Installing antiviruses
  • Managing disasters
  • Carry out upgrades and updates

Managed Services

Different companies have different IT infrastructures. For this reason, IT support customises their services according to how your company operates.

It would always be advisable to have IT support that offers support based on a company’s needs.

Final Say

We are in a new century where technology is becoming part and parcel of any organisation. So, when noting down your business objectives, it would be helpful to prioritise on IT support.

Technological solutions mean deploying services that optimise your business effectiveness and make the clients satisfied. IT support can make your company save a lot of money in the long run and even make it easy to install inventive systems in the business.

Types of Business Technology


For most organizations, the most helpful bit of gear is additionally the most caught on. Desktop PCs stacked with office and profitability programming bundles enable labourers to compose letters, break down financial data, send and get messages, and outline deals introductions. The PC itself could be a desktop demonstrate with a different screen and console, or a portable tablet. There are two important sorts of PCs. (PCs) work utilizing Microsoft Windows is the most widely recognized, and Macintosh Computers using Apple Computer’s working framework are mainstream among innovative experts.

Five steps to turn your idea into a startup

1. Do your statistical surveying

Driving measurable looking over is the underlying advance to choose whether you without a doubt do have an idea worth looking for after. Begin your examination by recording what you think the issue is that your business thought would get it. Physically check it and keep it before you.